Qualified as an Optometrist from Auckland University in 1974 and joined the practice with Raymond Hawkins in that year. In 1976 went the U.K. and practiced Optometry for two years in the U.K. Some of that time spent as a contact lens practitioner in a busy contact lens practice in the Strand London. On his return to New Zealand he joined the Practice of Hawkins Optometrists as a partner in 1979. Certificate of Ocular Pharmacology Auckland University 2000. Married with 3 adult daughters.